Free Case Law On Appeals From Original Decree (Order 41)

Order 41 Of The Code of Civil Procedure 1908: Should Be Your Favorite Order:

Order 41 Direct Us to make a appeal from original decree. If someone agrived by the decree passed by the learned lower court then he can file an appeal from the original decree. It is his constitutional rights. But making Appeal from original decree is sometime causes conflicting from the real decree. Why this is happen? Most of the lawyers do not read the Order 41 of the CPC which is govern the appeal from the original decree. But the problem is, order 41 is not a complete order without related case law.

In this article I will try my best to give you most recent case law about Appeal from original decree (Order 41).

Most Important Rule of Order 41 Of The CPC:

I am also focusing some quick information about most of the important rules like 4, 5, 19, 21, 23, 27, 31, 33 of the Order 41 of the Code of Civil Procedure. I shall make a full review of this order later.

Rule 4 of The Order 41 :

One of the several plaintiffs or defendants may obtain reversal of whole decree where it proceeds on ground common to all.

Rule 5 of the Order 41:

Without a sufficient cause, the Learned Appellate Court should not stay of an original decree. There are some grounds to stay of an original decree. 1. substantial loss 2. unreasonable delay 3. Applicant must take the security to the order may ultimately be binding upon him.

Rule 19 of the Order 41:

If any appeal dismissed for default should re-admission and the court may impose a cost. 19(A): Under this rule, court may directly readmit the appeal without adducing any evidence within 30 days.

Rule 21 of the Order 41:

Re-hearing on application of respondant against whome ex patre decree made. 21(A): Court may Direct re-hearing

Rule 23 of the Order 41:

The Learned Appellate Court Has Ample Power to Remand of Case.

Rule 27 of the Order 41:

Production of additional evidence in Appellate Cout.

Rule 31 of the Order 41:

Contents, Date, and Signature of Judgement

Rule 33 of the Order 41:

Power of the Court of Appeal

Very Important Case Law About Appeals From Original Decree (Order 41):

Appeals From Original Decree Of The Core Of Civil Procedure 1908 Order 41
  1. Rule 27: The parties to an appeal shall not be entitled to produce additional evidence whether oral or documentary in the Appellate court, unless; the party satisfies the Appellate court that such evidence notwithstanding the exercise of due diligence was not within his knowledge or could not be produced by him at or before the time when the decree under appeal was passed. | 18 MLR(AD) 92, 8 MLR(HCD) 401, 11 MLR(AD) 385
  2. Rule 27(1): It is clear that this power can be exercised only where the court requires further evidence for one of two causes specified in the rule. | 2 ADC 195
  3. Rule 27: When judgment and decree was passed an admitted position of the surveyor’s report we do not find any reasons for additional evidence to enable the court to dispose of the appeal. | 21 BLC 55
  4. Rule 27: This is an exclusionary provision restricting the production of additional evidence with exceptions as mentions in this sub-rule. In the facts of the instant case, in the absence of any order of the appellant court requiring production of any evidence, any party may, by permission of the appellate court, produce the dead in question “for any other substantial cause” as provided. | 1 LM(AD) 385
  5. Rule 27: Lacuna: For adducing additional evidence in the appellate stage in certain circumstances remand can be allowed under rule-23 and rule -27 of the code in the interest of justice but not to fill up the Lacuna of any parties case. | 2 XP 16, 1 ADC 131, 23 BLT(AD) 96, 7 MLR(AD) 254, 15 MLR(HCD) 203, 4 BLD(HCD) 296, 26 DLR 31, 9 DLR 682
  6. Rule 23: Remand… – Cannot go Beyond Limit: …. …. ….. The trial court cannot go beyond the limits set down by the remand order and cannot open the finding of the appellate court. | 2 LNJ 367
  7. Rule 23 and Rule-27: Additional Evidence With Remand: Rejected the application for adducing additional evidence under rule-27 as the natural death of the plaintiff and the same cannot be sustained in law, the suit sent back to remand for additional evidence. | 1 XP(AD) 194
  8. Rule 19: CP Cost –>Restore: In a miscellaneous case for the restoration of an appeal under rule-19 was dismissed for non-payment of C.P. Cost as directed by the court and the court ha no scope to restore the appeal even subsequently deposited the cost after passed the dismissal order. | 2 XP(AD) 24
  9. Rule 23: No remand until failure of justice. | 2 ADC 668
  10. Rule 19: Re-admission: This rule gives ample power to the court to re-admit the appeal dismissed for default in the court is satisfied that the appellant was prevented by any sufficient cause from appearing before it when the appeal was called on for hearing. The only point for consideration before the court in deciding an application under this rule is whether the applicant appearing when the impugned ex-party order was passed. | 2 ALR 204
  11. Rule 27: For the end of justice, the latest position of any documents can be file before the court as additional evidence. | 4 ALR 223, 6 BLD(AD) 95
  12. Rule 27: The HCD has the power to entertain additional evidence. | _ 7 ALR 207_
  13. Rule 23:Remand on Flimsy Ground: The HCD did not consider even a single piece of evidence nor did it consider any of the exhibits in the suit. …. … The Appellate Division does not approve of any remanding a suit on such flimsy ground. | 6 ALR(AD) 42
  14. Rule 23 and rule 31: Remand: The HCD as the last court of fact to see whether the trial court was correct is dismissing the suit, instead of sending the suit on remand to the trial court on point which was never urged by any of the parties in the appeal. | 67 DLR(AD) 266, 9 BLC(AD) 218
  15. Rule 27: Right to Adduce Evidence: The rule does not confer any right to the party to adduce additional evidence. The need for additional evidence must be felt by the court itself. When evidence was not adduced by the defendant at the trial stages, at the appellate stage he cannot claim as of his right, an opportunity to adduce evidence. | 67 DLR(AD) 119
  16. Rule 31: Remand:- Fill up Lacuna: All the materials for deciding the suit finally were before the appellate court. The judgment and order of remand has been passed by the final court of facts in order to fill up lacuna. It is not the duty of the appellate court to give an opportunity to the erring party to fill up lacuna … .. … | 67 DLR 240
  17. Rule 19 and rule -19(A) read with Sec.-5 of the Limitation Act: … … .. . .. Thus, from the above provision of the code, it appears to us that the concept of ex-parte disposal of an appeal on merits in either ways in absence of the appellant has not been conceived of the code. Had the concept of disposal of an appeal on merits in absence of the appellant was conceived of the provision of re-admission of an appeal dismissed for default would not have been made. | 23 BLT(AD) 72
  18. Rule 31: Reversing decree must give reasons: Law enjoys that the appellate court must give reasons whether affirming or reversing a finding and it is more so, when he is reversing it. The appellate court in his judgment is on bounded duty to rebut the findings of the trial court adverting evidence on records that is absent in the instant case. Farther more: the judgment must contain definite findings on the question, involved, and must give reasons when reversing the material finding of the trial court. | 23 BLT(HCD) 95, 23 BLT(HCD) 86, 9 MLR(HCD) 421, 6 MLR(HCD) 6, 10 MLR(HCD) 255, 5 BLD(AD) 54
  19. Rule 31: Relief Sought in the Averment: The plaintiff though sought the relief as against the decree of the former suit but the said was not incorporated in the prayer portion of the suit but for any reason of the relief was sought have not been overlooked by the appellate court below. | 23 BLT(HCD) 320
  20. Rule 21: Service Return: Service return shows that the appellant was not at Barisal at the relevant time, the service in the eye of law in absence of any written document authorizing respondent No-1 to act as her agent to receive any summon or notice and hence no agency is created and the appeal was disposed of ex-parte and it will be reheard. | 6 BLC(HCD) 130
  21. Rule 23: Praying remand must be inappropriate time for trial. | 6 BLC(AD) 50
  22. Rule 27: This discretion should not be given a restricted interpretation as would, in effect, amount to tying down the hands of the appellate court and stand in the way of doing complete justice in the case. | 6 BLC(AD) 98
  23. Rule 31: It is a settled principle of law that the lower appellate court being the final court of fact will have to discuss and reassess the evidence on record independently while either reversing or affirming the finding of the trial court. | 8 BLC(AD) 77
  24. Rule 31: The law is well settled that the extent of jurisdiction of the revisional court is limited. | 10 BLC(AD) 34
  25. Rule 5: Not Automatic Stay of Judgement or Order:  Mere filing of an appeal does not entitle the appellant to get the impugned judgment or order automatically stayed. It is the discretion of the appellate court to grant stay when there is a compelling situation. | 6 MLR(HCD) 347, 6 MLR(HCD) 313, 8 MLR(HCD) 261, 19 DLR(SC) 143, 29 DLR(SC) 282
  26. Rule 19 with section-5 of the Limitation Act: On the question of limitation both government and public litigant stand on equal footing. | 6 MLR(HCD) 73
  27. Rule 19 with Section-149 of C.P.C and Court Fees Act sec-6(2): The provision is not applicable when the memorandum of appeal is rejected on the ground of non-payment of deficit court fee. | 9 MLR(HCD) 265
  28. Rule 19 With Order-5 Rule-19(B)(2) With sec-27 of  General Clauses Act and With Sec-114(f) of Evidence Act: Registered service notice “refused” — No scope to allowing the application under Rule-21 of Order-41. | 6 MLR(HCD) 145
  29. Rule 23: Not to fill Lacuna: Remand cannot be ordered to fill up the lacuna to the detriment of the interest of the adverse party. | 6 MLR(AD) 179, 12 MLR(AD) 149
  30. Rule 23: Reman on Permanent Injunction: When in a suit for a permanent injunction the plaintiff succeeds in proving his primafacie title and exclusive possession in definite and specific land by evidence on record, he is entitled to a decree for a permanent injunction. In the face of such evidence already on record, there cannot be any ground to send the suit remand for re-hearing. | 8 MLR(AD) 49
  31. Rule 27: The rule provides for additional evidence at the appellate stage for the purpose of effective adjudication of the dispute. No illegality held when disposing of the appeal by a single judgment without recording the separate findings on the application under this rule. | 6 MLR(AD) 87
  32. Rule 27 With Sec-115 of C.P.C. in a Partition Suit: If the matter under controversy is beyond the pleadings additional evidence thereon cannot be allowed at the appellate stage. Revisional Application is not maintainable when rules are not shouted to be issued against all the parties who were granted Saham in the partition suit. …………. .. | 9 MLR(AD) 361
  33. Rule 27 with sec-67 of the Evidence Act: Additional evidence at the appellate stage means that evidence so adduces in order to be admissible must be proven as required by law. The mere filing of the document at the appellate stage without complying with the requirements of se.-67 of the Evidence Act shall not be admissible in evidence and as such the document so filed cannot be taken into consideration. | 6 MLR(AD) 46
  34. Rule 31: Jurisdiction of the appellate court to decide the issue of fact and law. | 7 MLR(AD) 7
  35. Rule 21: Service Notice: Dispensing with the requirement of serving notice on the non-contesting defendant is not a bar to re-hearing the appeal. | 14 MLR(HCD) 308
  36. Rule 27: Plaintiff could not produce a vital document of contract— He produces the documents at the appellate stage– Nothing is wrong. | 15 MLR(AD) 241
  37. Rule 23: Admissibility Evidence at Belated Stage: When the defendant did not pray for Saham before the trial court the HCD did not allow them to adduce evidence by producing certain documents at the belated stage of the proceedings of the appeal which was held defective as appellant did not challenge the preliminary decree granting Saham to the plaintiff. | 12 MLR(AD) 269
  38. Rule 21: Applicable to Appeal But not Revision: This rule is only applicable to appeal but not to revision. Once a revision is disposed of on merit by a regular judgment, there is no further scope of re-hearing the same. | 12 MLR(AD) 51
  39. Rule 23: Remand cannot be granted when there are sufficient pieces of evidence on record to effectively decide the issue under controversy. | 15 MLR(HCD) 174
  40. Rule 4 and Rule -33: Abatement of Appeal: During the pendency of the appeal the appellant failed to substitute the heirs of the deceased respondent — its well settled that in a case of the possibility of two inconsistent decrees, the appeal as a whole abates. | 10 BLD(HCD) 447, 20 DLR 762
  41. Rule 4 : Abatement of Appeal: On the death of a non-substituted appellant the appeal against him and it is to be taken that he has not appealed. But this rule, the other defendant-appellant are entitled to make an appeal and carry it to conclusion. | 11 BLD(AD) 161, 4 DLR 400, PLD 1972(SC) 321, PLD 1974(SC) 322, 32 DLR(AD) 96, 12 DLR 745, 16 DLR(SC) 386
  42. Rule 5(1): Appellate Court’s Power of Stay: The appellate court has got the jurisdiction to pass an order staying the operation of the ad-interim order of injunction passed by the trial court at the time of admission of the appeal by the lower appellate court. | 12 BLD(HCD) 517, 35 DLR(AD) 42
  43. Rule 17 and Rule -19: Appeal Dismissed Exparte–on merit: Whether appeal can be dismissed on merits ex parte — when the appellant or his counsel fails to appear when a appeal is called on for hearing the appellate court can only dismiss the appeal for default — it has no power to deliver judgment on merits — even if the appeal is dismissed on merits, this will be treated as dismissal for default and the appellant’s remedy will remain open. | 4 BLD(HCD) 321, AIR 1929(Cal) 475, AIR 1953(Assam) 191, AIR 1962(Panjab) 82, AIR 1963(Patna) 166
  44. Rule 19:Family Court Ordinance,1985: District judge and Joint district judge is not a Family Court … … … … … … | 10 BLD(HCD) 404, 39 DLR(AD) 172
  45. Rule 22: Cross objection —– | 3 BLD(AD) 62
  46. Rule 22: Dismissal of the suit in an appeal by the plaintiff against the adverse findings. | 3 BLD(AD) 277
  47. Rule 23: Where remand to the court by the HCD without remanding to appellate court when no further evidence was allowed to be adduced justified — indiscriminate order of remand testament to shirking the responsibility. | 3 BLD(AD) 132, 6 BLD(AD) 135
  48. Rule 23: Remand by the revisional court when not justified?? | 6 BLD(AD) 156
  49. Rule 23: Remand in Partition Suit:: Prayer For Saham: Consideration of prayer for Saham on basis of documents admitted into evidence in the absence of oral evidence to connect the documents with the defense case … … .. The documents having been lawfully admitted into evidence but not considered for want of oral evidence and the suit being partition suit, the court ought to have granted the prayer for remand. 8 BLD(AD) 3
  50. Rule 27: Before judgment is pronounced in appeal there may be no harm if a vital piece of evidence is produced, though late, so that the court may prevent an injustice being done. | 4 BLD(AD) 320, PLD 1966(SC) 684
  51. Rule 27: The constitutional obligation of the Supreme Court being to do complete justice in any case or matter … .. ….. due consideration to this annexure to clarify the factual position which in the final analysis can be given by the trial court. | 8 BLD(AD) 141
  52. Rule 27: The Basis of the Taking Additional Evidence: The Words “in the interest justice” read with other reasons given….. ….. .. . .. The basis of taking additional evidence depends on the appreciation by the court allowing it, if the evidence already on record, the interest of justice, nature of documents or evidence having a bearing on the subject matter of the suit or for any other substantial cause. | 11 BLD(HCD) 523, 43 DLR(AD) 16, 43 DLR 204, 4 BLD(AD) 285, AIR 1959(Bom) 300, AIR 1945(Cal) 492, PLD 1966(SC) 684
  53. Rule 31: When the appellate court is justified in reversing the findings of facts by the trial court? ……. | 4 BLD(AD) 107, AIR 1960(SC) 115, AIR 1950(SC) 120
  54. Rule 31: Points of Determination: Point of determination by the appellate court…. … ..| 6 BLD(AD) 56, AIR 1967(SC) 1124, AIR 1963(SC) 146
  55. Rule 33: Power of appellate court even if no courts— objection filed .. … .. | 5 BLD(AD) 202, 15 DLR 225, AIR 1963(SC) 1516, AIR 1939(Cal) 582, AIR 1962(Pat) 140, 35 CWN 1185
  56. Rule 4 and Rule-33: On setting aside of the order of the lower appellate court by the HCD, the appeal before the lower appellate court become pending and after the arrival of the records, the opportunity for substitution of heirs was available as the appeal did not abate. | 32 DLR(AD) 96
  57. Rule 5: With Order-35 Rule-13: Appeal does not automatically operate as a stay of execution of decree arising out of original Decree. | 35 DLR(AD) 1, 28 DLR 309
  58. Rule 23: Remand order is appealable. | 11 DLR 7, 7 DLR 466
  59. Rule 23 and Rule-24: Party cannot claim for order when finds by his own act he has been non-suited. | 36 DLR 41

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My Thoughts:

In this post, I have tried to give you some very basic information about Appeals from Original Decree (Order 41) and Some most important updated case law about this matter. If You Know Any Case Law About Appeal From Original Decree Please Let me Know Aout the Case Law in The Comments Section Below.


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