Legal Terminology

18 Remarkable Legal Terminology PDF

Legal terminology is the base of every legal system. If you want to judge a legal system of a country then you have to find out how the country uses legal terminology. As a result, every country developed there own legal terms. Most of the legal terms came from Latin terms. After that Britain made them colonize and globalize. In the 21st-century legal terminology learning and finding become digital. Most of the lawyers try to find legal terms on the internet, digital legal vocabulary, PDF ebooks, etc. So, Legal terminology PDF is the wisest choice for every lawyer.

Most of the lawyers become used to with legal terminology in law schools. But the problems they are in the court that real use of legal terms in courts. Here I am giving you a list of most used legal terms used by lawyers in the world.

List of Legal TermsWhy Used For
cause of action:Why the Plaintiff is making the case before the judges.
constitutional law:The Guideline for every law in a country. These terms will cover every single detail about how a country will govern, run, motives, human rights, legal rights, what should do and what should not do, etc.
contract: When two or more people/company/organization ties together for there own interest.
mens reaThe motive of a crime. If there is no motive the punishment will be linear
prima facieThis is a Latin term for “at first look” or “on its face”. what can be presumed after the first disclosure? Mostly used in the injunction.
prima facie caseAt the first look, most of the facts prove the case
statute:A written law passed by the legislative body of a country.
title:The chronological view of a property based on the legal ownership
civil law:Relating to the law on property, human rights, company, banks, etc. Laws are not dealing with criminology those are civil law.
CrimeThe act that violating the Criminal law of a country
Top 10 Legal Terminology

Learning legal terms and meanings is not a very easy task. I used to read most of the night to memorize legal terminology and tried to coup with it. After finishing my law degree and became a lawyer I went to court. Then I realized that most of the law terms that have in my law vocabulary use in court a little differently. After that, I rethink about it and made a to-do list to realize legal terms and meanings. Those are not very hard.

  • Learn One Legal Term and Meaning at a Time
  • Write The Legal Term
  • Go to Court and Find Out How Court Use The Legal Term and Take Notes
  • Find The Legal Term in a Legal Dictionary. Then the meaning beside taken note from the court.
  • At the last stage Think and Rethink What I Learn.
Start Learning Legal Terms >>> Don’t Be Hopeless

Learning legal terminology is one of the most important matters for learning law and becoming a lawyer. Nowadays you have a lot of options for learning legal terms and meanings like Books, online dictionary, apps, and Legal Terminology PDF in your smartphone. Once Books are the best way for gaining knowledge. Now online is the best way of learning. If You can access all-time internet with your smartphone then online dictionary and apps are the right options for learning legal terms. If if you have a Legal terminology PDF in your smartphone and no internet is required. Just open it and start to learn legal terminology. For this reason, I always prefer PDF formatted documents.

  1. Ad-valorem: Ad-Valorem means according to the valuation. Ad-valorem duties are always estimated at a certain percent, on the valuation of the property as opposed to fixed re special duties. | PLD 1966(Kar) 42
  2. Jurisdiction: Jurisdiction means “the entitlement to enter upon inquiry in question” .. . .. .. . .. . The jurisdiction of HCD in revision is a limited one. The section is not directed against conclusions of law or fact in which the question of jurisdiction is jurisdiction is not involved. Sec-115 empowers to satisfy the HCD on a matter that (a) the order of the subordinate court is within its jurisdiction, (b) the case is one in which the court ought to exercise jurisdiction and, (c) in the exercise of jurisdiction the court has not acted illegally. … … .. .. | 6 ALR(AD) 165
  3. Muslim Joint Family: There is no presumption of a joint family in Muslim Law. But some times after the death of the father, all the members of the father’s family, were in one mess and common income, any property purchased in the name of one member of the said family be considered to be purchased for all. | 3 XP(AD) 7
  4. Misconduct: The term “misconduct” has not been define in Bangladesh Legal Practitioner and Bar Council Order, 1972, or the rules framed thereunder. According to Black’s Law Dictionary, “misconduct” means “A dereliction of duty; unlawful or improper behavior.” Affirmative misconduct means an affirmative act of misrepresentation or concealment of a material fact. According to the Supreme Court of India, the word “misconduct” has no precise meaning and its scope and ambit have to be construed with reference to the subject matter and context wherein the term occurs. Accordingly, it can be said that the “misconduct” of an Advocate may be defined as any conduct that in any way renders an Advocate unfit for exercise of his profession, or is likely to hamper or embarrass the administration of justice for which disciplinary action may be initiated. | 2 LNJ(AD) 169, 9 BLC 271, 10 BLC 230
  5. Vicarious Liability: In tort, a master is generally liable for the actions of his servant performed in the course of his employment. | 4 ALR(AD) 44
  6. Land and Tenancy: The land means land. “Land” does not mean “holding” or “tenancy”. Land can be divided by partition; “holding” can be divided by separation of “joma”. After the partition of any land by metes and bounds, a co-sharer remains no more co-sharer of the Land and lose his all right, title and interest in that land and except his own share only even if the original holding, tenancy remains intact and there is no more division or separation of the tenancy. | 4 ALR(AD) 107
  7. “Status Quo”– Meaning: When a Court passes an order directing the parties to maintain status quo, the meaning of the expression “status quo” ha to gathered from the plaint, petitions of parties, written objection, written statement and the petition or petitions filed by the parties praying for ad-interim order. | 8 BLD(HCD) 45
  8. Appear: On Order-9 Rule-8: The word “appear” in this rule means ‘appearance in the suit’. A party may be physically present in the courtroom but if he does not take part in the suit and it cannot be said that he ‘appeared’. | 36 CWN 158, AIR 1932(Cal) 418
  9. Landlord and Tenant: The Government has accepted rent from the plaintiff and granted rent receipts in his favor of the plaintiff at which the relationship between the Government and the plaintiff has become the ‘Land Lord and Tenant’. | 8 ALR 111
  10. Principle of Natural Justice:– Adverse Remarks: It is a well-settled principle of Natural justice that no one should be condemned unheard. In addition, strictures or scathing language should be used by the higher courts in the exercise of their appellate or supervisory jurisdiction against the judges of the lower courts. Errors of the judgments should be corrected by the reasons of Law. | 21 BLC(AD) 239, 6 SCC 1
  11. Discretion: Discretion means it is said that is to be done within the discretion of the authorities that something is to be done according to the rules of reasons. It is to be not arbitrary vague and fanciful but legal and regular and it must be exercised within limit, to which an honest man competent to the discharge of his office ought to confine himself. | 1 LM 62
  12. Cause of Action: Cause of action is a bundle of facts of the plaint which mention by disclosing the date and that the suit is maintainable. | 6 XP(AD) 183, 49 DLR(AD) 99, 47 DLR 163
  13. The doctrine of “Musha” under Principle of Mohammedan Law: Doctrine of “musha” has been defined as an undivided share of property either moveable or immoveable which formed the subject matter of gift. But if by the very nature of the property or by the relationship of the contesting parties the gist of definite share cannot lead to confusion or of enjoyment in future, the “musha” rule has not been applied in such circumstances rigidly being an exception regarding the gift of undivided share, Only in the above event possible not affecting the normal enjoyment of gift because of such transfer of an undivided property the gift may be valid. | 5 ALR(AD) 86
  14. Title Follows Possession: The age-old maxim “Title Follows Possession”. | 67 DLR(AD) 243
  15. The doctrine of “Prospective Invalidatio”: In order to avoid any possible complication, deadlock, dislocation, and stagnation in the functioning of the commission, those are condoned in the public interest. But the Doctrine of “Prospective Invalidatio” in this regard will operate from now onwards, that is to say, from the date of pronouncement of judgment. | 21 BLC 106
  16. Necessary Party and Proper Party: Order-1 Rule-3 of C.P.C.: A “Necessary Party” is one whose presence in a judicial proceeding is enjoyment by law and whose absence no effective decision can be given. In the absence of a necessary party, a suit cannot be said to be properly constituted and it is liable to be dismissed as being bad for defect of the party. A “Proper Party” on the other hand, is one whose presence is the proceeding though not essential for passing an effective order/decree but his presence is desirable for effectively and completely adjudicating al matters in controversy and there and thereby help avoid a multiplicity of litigation. | 2 ALR 247, 2 ALR(AD) 57, 12 DLR 712
  17. Proforma: The term “Proforma” means for the sake of form only. The expression “Proforma” does not appear in any provision of the code of civil procedure. The terms are only “Plaintiff” and “Defendant” and no “Proforma” in the said code. | 40 DLR 340, 9 BLD 29
  18. “Mandatory” and “Directory”: The terms “Mandatory” and “Directory” refer to the method by which the legislator set about attaining its object. When a statute is passed for a purpose of enabling something to be done and prescribes which are essential to the validity of the thing when done are called imperative or Mandatory; but those which are not essential, and maybe disregarded without invalidating the thing to be done, are called Directory. | 9 ALR(AD) 75

2 thoughts on “18 Remarkable Legal Terminology PDF”

  1. good job bro…. its a good post … i like terminology too much.. this post is amazing with case law…. thanks a lot

    1. Adv. Md. Shahnewaz Zwaki

      thanks for the comment. I will try my best to give more case law about this subject

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